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Cardioselective Beta Blockers

Beta blockers are a common, inexpensive, and effective medications for treating high blood pressure. Cardioselective beta blockers are designed to specifically work only in the cardiovascular system, so they may be better for people with asthma or other breathing problems. Learn the properties, common types, side effects and correct use for this important high blood pressure medication.

Minoxidil for Hypertension Treatment

Minoxidil, familiar to many for its use as a male anti-balding treatment, was originally developed as a treatment for high blood pressure. A vasodilator, minoxidil remains a viable and important option for some patients and works by relaxing blood vessels to lower pressure. Learn the properties, side effects, and correct use for this high blood pressure medication.

Sodium Nitroprusside

Sodium nitroprusside is a strong medication used for the treatment of severe hypertension. It is only used in a hospital setting, and is sometimes given to people after heart or blood vessel surgery. It is related to other medications, like isosorbide dinitrate, that are used outside of the hospital. Learn the properties, side effects, and reasons for using this medication.

Diazoxide for Hypertension Treatment

Diazoxide is a powerful intravenous drug that is not used to treat chronic hypertension. Instead, diazoxide plays an important part in the short term treatment of extremely high blood pressure, and is occassionaly used to treat high blood pressure associated with pregnancy. Diazoxide has many potential side effects, and must be administered carefully. Careful monitoring of kidney and liver function is also required.

Hydralazine for Hypertension Treatment

Hydralazine is no longer used as a primary treatment for hypertension but remains an important option for certain types of patients. The only drug of its kind, hydralazine has some unique actions and side effects, and is not appropriate for everyone. Learn about the unique properties of hydralazine, when it might be useful, and important side effects.

Clonidine for Hypertension Treatment

Clonidine is a less common medicine for high blood pressure treatment, but it still has important uses for some patients. Clonidine is especially useful for treating patients with existing kidney problems. Learn the properties, side effects, and correct use for this high blood pressure medication.

Walking for Blood Pressure Maintenance and Weight Control

New guidelines from the American Heart Association have increased the daily exercise recommendation for most Americans and seem to downplay the importance of lower intensity workouts. The guidelines, though, are not meant to suggest that activities like walking are not beneficial. Learn how to update your walking routine to comply with the new guidelines. For new walkers, learn how this simple activity can help add years to your life.

What Are Diuretics?

Diuretics are an important class of medicine for treatment of high blood pressure. Inexpensive and effective, they have been a focus of drug therapy for many years, but they are not without risks. Learn the properties, side effects, and correct use for this high blood pressure medication.

Pulse Pressure

Pulse pressure is the difference between the maximum and minimum blood pressures produced during one heartbeat. Does the value of the pulse pressure provide useful information for the diagnosis and treatment of high blood pressure? Learn why your doctor thinks about your pulse pressure but probably won't talk to you about it unless you ask.

ACE Inhibitors

If you have high blood pressure, your doctor may prescribe a medicine called an ACE Inhibitor. These medicines are commonly prescribed for people with high blood pressure, especially in the setting of co-existing Type II diabetes. Learn the properties, side effects, and correct use for this high blood pressure medication.

What Are Alpha Blockers?

Alpha blockers are an important medicine in the treatment of high blood pressure. While given less commonly than some other medicines, alpha blockers have unique properties that make them well-suited for treating certain patients. Learn the properties, side effects, and correct use for this high blood pressure medication.

What Is Hypertensive Urgency?

Hypertensive urgency is a type of severe high blood pressure that has no symptoms and can lead to serious problems if untreated. Learn how to recognize the symptoms of hypertensive urgency and what should be done to treat it.

Women & High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is a disease with special implications and concerns for women. Learn how unique issues such as birth control, pregnancy, and fluctuating estrogen levels link to the concept of high blood presure, and how to keep youself safe.

Renin Blockers and High Blood Pressure

Tekturna is a member of a unique family of high blood pressure medicines known as renin blockers. Though effective and safe for many people, tekturna may not be for everyone. Learn about this new type of high blood pressure medicine, including side effects and interactions with other drugs.

What Are Angiotensin Receptor Blockers?

Angiotensin receptor blockers are a relatively new type of medication for the treatment of high blood pressure. While more expensive than some of the older blood pressure medicines, ARBs have been shown to be very effective and may offer some benefits that other drugs do not.

Part #4: Veins

Veins are the focus of the final part of Components of The Circulatory System. Learn how these blood vessels gather blood from the body and carry it back to the heart.

Part #2: Arteries

Part two in Components of The Circulatory System explores the structure and function of the blood vessels called arteries.

Part #3: Arterioles

The properties of arterioles and they unique role they play in the regulation of blood pressure are discussed in the third part of Components of The Circulatory System.

Part #4: Capillaries

The fourth part of Components of The Circulatory System discusses the unique role of capillaries in supplying the body with oxygen and nutrients.

High Blood Pressure and Stroke

High blood pressure is an extremely powerful risk factor for having a stroke. Up to 70% of strokes can be directly attributed to the effects of high blood pressure, making stroke one of the most important complications for people suffering from high blood pressure. Learn the symptoms of stroke and how to protect yourself from this potentially deadly complication.

The Link Between High Blood Pressure & Heart Attacks

High blood pressure can be an important contributing factor to heart attack. There are many reasons for this, and understanding the links between high blood pressure and how your heart functions can help you avoid this dangerous complication.

Calcium Channel Blockers

Calcium channel blockers are an effective and widely used medicine given to patients with high blood pressure. Learn how these medicines work, side effects to watch for, and get answers to common questions.

Beta Blockers

Beta blockers are a common, inexpensive, and effective medication for treating high blood pressure. Learn the properties, common types, side effects and correct use for this important high blood pressure medication.

Primary & Secondary Hypertension

An important aspect of high blood pressure diagnosis is classification of the disorder. Knowing whether high blood pressure is of the Primary or Secondary class influences treatment options, and will help guide important healtcare and lifestyle decisions.

Part #1: The Heart

The heart is the driving engine behind the circulatory system. Understand what the heart is, and how it carries out its vital functions.

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