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Glossary of Common High Blood Pressure Terms I-P

It is very common to get lost in the jumble of complicated words, medical terminology, and drug names used when reading about high blood pressure or discussing your condition with your doctor. To help tie everything together, use this handy glossary anytime you have a question about a medical term, drug name, or scientific phrase.

Metabolic Syndrome
A specific combination of symptoms that increases the risk of developing more serious disease

Mean Arterial Blood Pressure - MAP
Average blood pressure

Platelets are a part of the blood clotting system

Palpitations refers to the sensation of a "fluttering" or otherwise abnormal heart beat

A general term for several different types of fats that naturally occur in the body

Plasma (Blood)
Learn more about the definition of blood plasma, the liquid part of blood.

Non Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs
NSAIDS are over-the-counter pain relievers, such as Advil and Aleve.

Immune system cell that can contribute to the formation of artery plaques in certain circumstances.

A hormone that increases blood pressure and either increases or decreases heart rate

Parathyroid Hormone
Parathyroid hormone is secreted by the parathyroid glands and regulates the blood concentrations of calcium and phosphorous.

Parathryroid Gland
The parathyroid glands are small structures near the thyroid which secrete parathyroid hormone.

Molar Pregnancy
Molar pregnancy is a type of abnormal pregnancy that may result in symptoms of gestational hypertension.

Definition of Proteinuria
Proteinuria is the presence of protein in the urine.

Ischemia is a general term used to describe a low-oxygen condition within living tissue.

Isolated Systolic Hypertension
Isolated systolic hypertension occurs when only systolic blood pressure (the top number) is increased.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Omega33 fatty acids are a type of unsaturated fat found in fish and plants.

Pulmonary Artery
The large blood vessel which carries blood from the heart to the lungs

Abbreviation of Left Anterior Descending coronary artery

The earliest form of high blood pressure

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